Links to more knowledge:

This is a fantastic book with a lot of knowledge.

The first 88 pages go through different foods, how to store them and nutritional content.

We can especially recommend pages 87-92. This chapter is called "PROCESSES FOR HIGHER QUALITY STORED FOODS" 

What to store and not to store in Mylar. Forum thread on
America's website by Prepper guru Denis Korn.
Very useful food information from Utah University about long-term storage of food. This link leads to the section on Oxygen Eaters, but browse around the entire site!